Early Church History Timeline This early church history timeline, in my opinion, addresses issues that ought to be of concern to all Christians.
Early Christian Heresies Dr. George Boeree A heresy is a belief that deviates from some standard, official belief. When religious authorities decide that a belief is heretical, they usually take active efforts to eradicate the belief, usually including the removal of the offending believers by excommunication or worse.
Of course, one man's orthodoxy is another man's heresy! Most Christian heresies centered around the twin issues of the nature of the trinity and, more specifically, the nature of Jesus Christ. The official stand on these issues according to all the Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant churches are as follows: That these two statements are not particularly rational was considered irrelevant.
The trinity was seen as mysterious and a matter of faith, not reason. What follows are eight heresies, ranging from sects that see Jesus Christ as purely divine, to others which see him as purely human.
Sabellianism is named for its founder Sabellius fl.
SECTION 13 Early Christianity and the Church. For the historian, insurmountable difficulties surround Jesus himself. Too little information about the actual man in his day can be verified and too many people care about the interpretation of Christ's life and teaching, a situation which leaves historians with no real hope for achieving consensus. Early Christianity and Nature The early Christian church had the difficult task of assimilating Christian doctrine into a coherent theological framework within the Greco-Roman world. Many of the early Christians received Greco-Roman schooling, which were dominated by Greek Scholastic philosophies, such as Aristotelianism and Epicureanism. Essays; Christianity and Religious Freedom in the Medieval Period ( – CE) Christianity and Religious Freedom in the Medieval Period ( – CE) Author: David Little so central to the early Christian experience, was retained, if only in a highly disguised form. While the relationship between spiritual and political authority.
It is sometimes referred to as modalistic monarchianism. The father, son, and holy ghost are three modes, roles, or faces of a single person, God.
This, of course, implies that Jesus Christ was purely divine, without humanness, and therefore could not truly have suffered or died. The name comes from the Greek word dokesis, meaning "to seem.
He only seemed to be human to us.
Christ only no Jesus Monophysitism: Monophysite comes from the Greek words for "one body. He therefore is two separate natures joined in one body. Monophysitism is very much alive in several present-day Egyptian and Middle Eastern sects of Christianity.
Adoptionism says that Jesus was a human being who was "adopted" by God at his conception, at which point he developed a divine nature. Later versions sometimes suggest that he was adopted later, such as when he was baptized by John the Baptist.
Supposedly, Nestorius, Patriarch of Antioch fl. This is not really what Nestor said although he did deny virgin birth but the name stuck.
You can still find a few Nestorian churches in Iran. Named for Apollinaris of Laodicea fl. Apollinarians suggested that he had a human body and a human soul, but his mind was taken over by the eternal Logos. Je Christ sus Arianism: Arianism is named after Arius c.
This is considered the most serious heresy. Jesus Christ was thought of as a special creation by God for man's salvation.
Arianism was the form of Christianity that the Goths adhered to, and it was popular in all the areas they conquered, including Italy, Spain, and Africa.
A version of Arianism called Socianism from the Latin socius, meaning "companionsimply says that Jesus was an extraordinary man. This heresy still lives on in two very different forms, the Unitarians and the Jehova's Witnesses.
Jesus only no Christ Other Heresies Not all heresies focussed on the issues of the trinity and Christ's nature.Research within librarian-selected research topics on Early Christian Church from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and more.
False teachings condemned by the church. Browse 60+ years of magazine archives and web exclusives. Subscribers receive full access to the archives. COUPON: Rent Apollinarianism An Essay on the Christology of the Early Church 1st edition () and save up to 80% on textbook rentals and 90% on used textbooks.
Get FREE 7-day instant eTextbook access! The doctrine known as Arianism actually began early in the 3rd century, and was the product of speculation into the nature of Christ.
It became one of the hottest issues in the early Church — even more than Gnosticism, as Arianism many adherents, and was closer in nature to the “orthodox” Literalism of the time. Apollinarianism: An essay on the Christology of the early Church pp.
ff It is likely that the terms in which Apollinarius described the consequences of the Communicatio may have first led to his enemies to the idea that he taught either the consubstantiality of the Godhead and the body or . Short Studies: Christological Controversies – Arianism, Apollinarianism, and Nestorianism.
The debate on the divinity of Christ was mainly conducted in the eastern church. Augustine, for example, never wrote anything extensive on Christology. It would be the Eastern Church to rival this heresy.