Advocates of 'cliodynamics' say that they can use scientific methods to illuminate the past. But historians are not so sure. It was first introduced in the four short stories — which would later be collected as the novel Foundation. Axioms Psychohistory depends on the idea that, while one cannot foresee the actions of a particular individual, the laws of statistics as applied to large groups of people could predict the general flow of future events.
Ethics In no more than 3, words you are required to complete an essay on ethical issues in the practice of counseling, by addressing the following question: What are the two ethical issues which are likely to be the most concerning for you personally in your counseling work?
Include a discussion of: Your essay should be written in the first person and should include a personal, reflective discussion, but should be scholarly and include a carefully selected references.
Provide evidence of your thinking about the issues chosen. Introduction Professional counsellors are increasingly mindful not to step on the mines of unethical practices. We will write a custom essay sample on Ethical Issues in Counselling or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not Waste HIRE WRITER Sometimes, we might be too cautious to have overlooked issues that History of corey s ethical decision making process neither unethical, nor avoidable, or even beneficial, in terms of the interests of our clients and our own professional satisfactions.
Ethics are more than codes and taboos. While counsellors should protect themselves from unnecessary lawsuits, we should also find resolutions for our constant struggles towards the best service to clients, in light of the various moral and ethical principles, and the context in which we work, to promote, other than to protect client benefits.
As a voluntary, amateur counsellor, serving in a church community, characterized by its closeness to a Christian Secondary School and its proximity to a lower social class housing estate, I have always struggled with boundary setting, whether a boundary needs to be crossed, a multiple relationship needs to be entered into, or a personal value needs to be shared, for the best benefits of my clients, who range from young adults, young couples, to parents of some problematic students.
This essay explores how I could set professional boundaries through client empowerment, and how, n view of my personality and Christian faith, I should approach boundary crossing, role blending, multiple relationships, and value sharing with caution.
I would also use religious values as an example, to discuss the relevance and irrelevance of sharing personal values under different circumstances. Boundaries and multiple relationships — Definitions and controversy A boundary sets limits for accepted practices of the counsellor and the client.
Although boundary crossing does not necessarily culminate multiple relationships, multiple relationships are usually the result of boundary crossing. According to Sonnep. Most professional organizations warn counsellors against involving themselves with boundary crossing and multiple relationships, as they might impair their judgment, objectivity, and provision of effective services, resulting in possible blurred boundaries, exploitation and harm to their clients Corey, G.
Boundary violations, typified by sexual relationships between counsellors and clients are always harmful and unethical Rosenbloom,p. What if, the cases are giving a bookmark with encouragement to a stressful student about to sit for an open examination, unintended encounter with some clients in church services, and unintentional disclosure of my interest in dogs when my client was sharing her experience with pets?
When put into context, it is usually more difficult for us to judge if a boundary crossing is unethical than by simply defining it or banning it. The above cases exemplify the unavoidable, ethical e.
A licensed psychologist, Silbertrust uses her experience as a client in psychotherapy to demonstrate the blurred difference between boundary crossing and boundary violation.
Her therapist had made hospital and home visits to her while she was bed ridden, disclosed her own smoking habit and likes for cats, to sooth her panic and brighten her day with compassion, though it was obvious that the therapist had crossed her professional boundary at a time boundary mattered less to her than the immediate benefits of Silbertrust.
I agree that at times, certain boundary crossing could booster the morale of clients who are at the verge of breaking down. There were times when I felt the need to touch a student parent on her shoulder, or shed a few drops of tears with her, and the gracefulness of such altruistic desires seems indisputable.
However, what is the difference between me and her friends, who would just react in the same way as I wanted to? However, the problem of boundary violations lies in the difficulty for counsellors to predict prospectively how the therapeutic relationship would develop once a boundary has been crossed.
It would be better for the counsellor and Silbertrust to have discussed prior to and after the incidence, so that the motives of the counsellor, the response of Silbertrust could have been clarified and documented, to arrest further boundary crossing, once the immediate needs of Silbertrust had been met.
Likewise, if I encounter similar occasions in which a boundary crossing is judged to be worthwhile, in view of the urgent needs and benefits of the client, similar procedures should be adopted.
Discussion on Boundary Setting Consistent yet flexible boundaries are often therapeutic and can help clients develop trust in the therapy relationship Corey, G. Germaine proposes healthy boundaries to be set from the outset, and it is my endeavour to empower my clients to discuss and build a consistent boundary with me from the beginning of therapy, by considering the culture of the church community, the personality, history, cultural background and prevailing problems of individual clients, so that it would not be a boundary that needs to be often crossed.
A boundary that does not function as a boundary is not a boundary. Hence, if small gift exchange is a common practice in the church community and the clients take this as a requisite sign of concern, why not set a price limit on gift exchange, rather than banning it?
However, once a boundary has been set, it should be adhered to, and the procedure and outcome need to be documented, to protect both client and counsellor benefits. This has increased the opportunity of multiple relationships and role blending when my client is also my student, or even a member of the same Church.
I am quite convinced of the advantages of certain multiple relationships, which have been thoroughly analyzed and discussed with the clients, the Church and the School, and which are well demarcated by clear boundaries. One of my clients suffered from early stage depression, characterized by self reproach, low self esteem, and social withdrawal.
Since I was her teacher, I had the advantage to observe her behaviour in class and her peer interaction, apart from getting information from her own account.The Importance of Ethical Decision Making - Introduction Generally, ethics is defined as standards of performance that explains how human beings should opt to react during many circumstances in which they meet with friends, citizens, parents, teachers, children, .
Introduction eight steps to ethical decision making 1. Ethical decision making (corey et al) Doda Doda. Decision making Seta Wicaksana. AI and Machine Learning Demystified by Carol Smith at Midwest UX Carol .
The Moral and Ethical Dilemmas of Anthropology - Anthropological researchers have considerable moral and ethical standards by which their work must be conducted in order to preserve the accuracy and the posterity of the information gathered during the study and .
[This post was co-written by Chris Bertram, Corey Robin and Alex Gourevitch] “In the general course of human nature, a power over a man’s subsistence amounts to a power over his will.” —Alexander Hamilton, Federalist 79 Libertarianism is a philosophy of individual freedom.
The Law and Society Association, founded in , is a group of scholars from many fields and countries, interested in the place of law in social, political, economic and cultural life.
Members bring expertise in law, sociology, political science, psychology, anthropology, economics, and history as well as in other related areas to the study of sociolegal phenomena. The therapist’s ethical decision was made even easier by the wife’s discovery of the man’s First Step, so that the wife already had quite a bit of information before she consulted the therapist.