In Europe, it was the same thing.
Biblical Underpinning for Slavery For many centuries slavery was perfectly acceptable to Christians. Christians had no doubt that it was divinely sanctioned, and they used a number of Old and New Testament quotations to prove their case.
Looking at the relevant passages it is clear that the Bible does indeed endorse slavery. In the Old Testament God approved the practice and laid down rules for buyers and sellers Exodus Men are at liberty to sell their own daughters Exodus Slaves can be inherited Leviticus And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished.
Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished: Time and time again the Old Testament confirms that slaves are property and their lives are of little consequence. To prove the strength of Job's faith, God sends Satan to test him by visiting disasters upon him.
Amongst these disasters is the killing of Job's numerous slaves Job 1. Neither God, nor Satan, nor the story's narrator finds it at all odd that people should be killed just to prove a point: The New Testament also regards slavery as acceptable.
It instructs slaves to accept their position with humility Ephesians 6: They are commanded to serve Christian slave owners better than other masters 1 Timothy 6: Even oppressive masters are to be obeyed according to 1 Peter 2: Jesus himself mentioned slavery more than once according to the New Testament, but never with the slightest hint of criticism of it.
He even glorified the master-slave relationship as a model of the relationship between God and humankind Matthew Christians naturally interpreted this as not merely acceptance, but approval. If Jesus had opposed slavery he would, they claimed, surely have said so.
In pagan times slaves who escaped and sought sanctuary at a holy temple would not be returned to their masters if they had a justifiable complaint.
When the Empire became Christian, escaped slaves could seek refuge in a church, but they would always be returned to their masters, whether they had a justifiable complaint or not. When Christian slaves in the early Asian Church suggested that community funds might be used to purchase their freedom, they were soon disabused of their hopes, a line supported by one of the greatest Church Fathers Ignatius of Antioch.African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
The term typically refers to descendants of enslaved black people who are from the United States. As a compound adjective, the term is usually hyphenated as African-American.
African-American Christianity The first African captives entered England’s North American colonies through Jamestown, Virginia in For over two hundred years, Africans, largely from the west coast of Africa, were brought to the United States in the slave .
Slaveholders in the British North American colonies became increasingly fearful that Christianization of slaves would lead to demands for emancipation. In Virginia passed a law declaring that conversion did not change the status of .
These practices merged with Christian beliefs in many cases to form a distinctive and highly varied African American Christianity. The full development of this religion would await the growth of the large plantations in the South between the . Why were African merchants willing to sell slaves to Europeans?
Were they “selling their own people”? Like most of the rest of the world, slavery was well-established in West Africa. Converting to Christianity became part of accepting America as home. The first generation of African American leaders -- ministers -- arose from the revival movement.